Age of reform

The evidence indicates that few persons actually participated in these activities. Westward expansion The growing nationalism of the American people was effectively engaged by the Democratic presidents Jackson and James K.

The last chapter on Populism explains the agricultural prosperity after the Populist revolt because city migration lessened competition that had caused farmers to organize for the first time. Weisberger Attitudes toward expansionism Public attitudes toward expansion into Mexican territories were very much affected by the issue of slavery.

His newspaper, The Liberatorlived up to its promise that it would not equivocate in its war against slavery. Few neurotics and few members of the northern socioeconomic elite became abolitionists. Polk succeeded in getting the British to negotiate a treaty whereby the Oregon country south of the 49th parallel would revert to the United States.

Old Progressive woes were ignored. Such was the basis of Fourierism and utopian socialism.

Also, he argues its leaders were incompetent and that there was a perennial lack of funds. The Age of reform for Progressivism were the status revolution in the post- American Civil War era "new money" supplanted "old money" prestigethe alienation of professionals, and the introduction of the Mugwump.

They not only understood how to navigate the new bureaucracy by creating symbiotic relationships between government, education, and business but also pressed through "reforms" that did away with the old "local" way of doing business by enacting civil service reforms replacing elected officials with appointed "experts.

Recruit arriving at the utopian community in Oneida, N. The Treaty of New Echota was violated by squatters on Indian land, but when the Cherokees went to court—not to war—and won their case in the Supreme Court Worcester v. The truth may be simpler. So when, as one observer noted, almost every American had a plan for the universal improvement of society in his pocket, every other American was likely to be aware of it.

Yet by it had succeeded in embedding its goal in the Constitution by amendmentthough at the cost of a civil war. Religious-inspired reform Notwithstanding the wide impact of the American version of secular perfectionism, it was the reform inspired by religious zeal that was most apparent in the antebellum United States.

Horace Mann Courtesy of Antioch College, Yellow Springs, Ohio One way to forge such victories was to improve the condition of those whom fate had smitten and society had neglected or abused. Reform reflected the sensitivity of a small number of persons to imperfections in American life.

Others rejected the private enterprise model and looked to a reorganization of society on cooperative rather than competitive lines. That Southern political leaders ceased talking secession shortly after the enactment of the compromise indicates who truly won the political skirmish. Hence, a broad variety of crusades and crusaders flourished.

The first was its sectional appeal, rather than national. Leaders expressed the need for entrepreneurship, individualism, and moral responsibility rather than organization. The Mexican-American War was not widely acclaimed, and many congressmen disliked it, but few dared to oppose the appropriations that financed it.

The great political issue of the postwar years concerned slavery in the territories. The New Deal was concerned with not democratizing the economy but managing it to meet the problems of the people. A few of the explanations cited, none of them conclusive, include an outburst of Protestant Evangelicalism, a reform spirit that swept across the Anglo-American communitya delayed reaction to the perfectionist teachings of the Enlightenmentand the worldwide revolution in communications that was a feature of 19th-century capitalism.

Reformists have an interesting relationship with wars in that the aftermath of war is usually a time of conservatism, as was the case after World War Iwhich heralded the death of Progressivism.

There was almost no resistance, except for the Sauk and Fox uprising led by Black Hawk the Black Hawk War in and put down by local militia whose ranks included a young Abraham Lincoln.

Vann Woodwardand Lawrence Goodwyn. Jackson waited until his last day in office to establish formal relations with the Republic of Texasone year after his friend Sam Houston had succeeded in dissolving the ties between Mexico and the newly independent state of Texas.

In all, the historical moment was unkind to the Indians, as some of the values that in fact did sustain the growth and prosperity of the United States were the same ones that worked against any live-and-let-live arrangement between the original Americans and the newcomers.

The next major reform movement was Progressivism. Some accepted the permanence of capitalism but tried to enhance the bargaining power of employees through labour unions. Expansionism and political crisis at midcentury Throughout the 19th century, eastern settlers kept spilling over into the Mississippi valley and beyond, pushing the frontier farther westward.

Ordinary citizens were more inclined to loathe African Americans and to preoccupy themselves with personal advance within the system. Both rested on the conviction that the future could be controlled and improved. The Progressive journalists multiplied as new styles of magazines appeared.

The two streams flowed together. By dividing up the material into smaller portions, the main points are easily accessed. Abolition did poorly at the polls. The last chapter focused on enemies of Progressives like trusts, unions, and political machines.

The Age of Reform is a candid approach to the reforms from to The Age of Reform [Richard Hofstadter] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Winner of the Pulitzer Prize in Non-Fiction.

This book is a landmark in American political thought. Preeminent Richard Hofstadter examines the passion for progress and reform that colored the entire period from to with startling and stimulating /5(23). The reform movements that swept through American society after were reactions to a range of factors: the Second Great Awakening, the transformation of the American economy, industrialization, urbanization, and lingering.

Combat the signs of aging skin with Murad Age Reform™ treatments and products for wrinkles on the face and around the eyes from the impact of Genetic Aging. United States - An age of reform: Historians have labeled the period –50 an “age of reform.” At the same time that the pursuit of the dollar was becoming so frenzied that some observers called it the country’s true religion, tens of thousands of Americans joined an array of movements dedicated to spiritual and secular uplift.

There is not yet. The Age of Reform - Kindle edition by Richard Hofstadter. Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets.

Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading The Age of Reform/5(23). The Age of Reform. During the Expansion Era, many Americans came to believe that social reforms were needed to improve their society.

Age of reform
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