Dual system of courts in british india 1834 1861

It established dual system of governance: Just like later rules and regulations, these judicial systems also took a pro-British admittance, letting in several loopholes for English population and looking past native law and its operation.

They were granted separate legal identity. Earlier while introducing the Bill, Dual system of courts in british india 1834 1861 Charles Wood said: Who became the high court judge or who was eligible to become the high court judge?

Mark Cubbon

Barrister must have 5 years or more experience 2. Communal representation extended to Sikhs.

Important Acts in India Before Independence

Its main function was to abolish the supreme courts and the Sadar Adalats in the three Presidencies and to establish the high courts in their place. I am visiting a charming old General, Sir Mark Cubbon, 1, feet above the table-land of Bangalore, and with a view over about miles of country on all sides.

It gave power authority in Her Majesty to issue letters patent under the great seal of the United Kingdom, to erect and establish High courts of judicature at Calcutta, Madras and Bombay.

The court possessed wide civil and criminal jurisdiction. These activities proved the seriousness of the British in taking Indian judicial system as a serious endeavour. In the exercise of its Extra-Ordinary Original Civil Jurisdiction Clause 9the High Court was empowered to remove any civil case from Courts subordinate to it and cause it to be tried and determined by itself.

Inin Bombay, the question emerged regarding path of appeal for civil cases from the Admiralty Court. The Charter granted in the year ofauthorised the establishment of Courts of Admiralty in the three Presidency cities.

As diwani granted to the Company administrative powers, the grant also made it possible for the Governor-General-in-Council to create a body of law. Cases regarding inheritance, marriage, caste, and other matters relating to religious practices, either Hindu or Muslim, continued to be judged by their own laws.

In his dealings with the Mysore king, he outright avoided the use of espionage to obtain information, a method used by many others in the past. In rent and revenue cases, however, the Financial Commissioner acted as the highest court during the progress of the settlement of land revenue in that province, under the Oudh Revenue Courts Act, XVI ofss.

List of governors-general of India

Justice was, however, delivered from the bench and not by a jury. Some important provisions of the Act relating to High Courts may briefly be stated as follows. Presided over by an Indian official and two Englishmen, its jurisdiction covered small misdemeanours, breaches of the peace and cases of debt up to fifty pagodas of value.

Their use in the control of looting and prize money proved important in the wars fought in the following century and in particular during the legendary Sepoy Mutiny of The Act centralised the administration of India.

It is set in hierarchical pattern. The records and document of the various courts became the records and documents of the High Court concerned. Thus now the High Courts have got the original jurisdiction in revenue matters also. The Indian High Courts Act was passed by the British Parliament on the 6th August, and was titled as an act for establishing high courts of judicature in India.

The office of the Secretary of State for India was to be abolished and his work was to be taken over by the Secretary of State for common wealth affairs. An officer of the High Commissioner of India was created in London. This Proviso was omitted in the Constitution 42nd Amendment Act, but it was reinstated vide sec 29 of the Constitution 44th Amendment Act which came into force on Company courts derived their authority from the company.

There was no corresponding provision for transferring cases to Lucknow Bench. They had powers of supervision over all subordinate Courts under their respective jurisdictions. It is not subject to the superintendence of any Court or authority, though appeals from its decisions may lie to the Supreme Court.

He was considered very fair and was tactful, making use of a native style of argumentation when required. Judges were selected out of the following categories of persons 1.

Where a High Court refuses to give such certificate, the Supreme Court, if it is satisfied that the case involves a substantial question of law, may grant special leave to appeal.

Government of India Acts

This legislation contained 19 sections only. The 18th century witnessed yet another change and overhaul in British judicial system; judicial conditions during the passing times of 17th th century stood another chance of new governing rules for Indians.

The court exercised civil and criminal jurisdiction and generally supervised the maintenance of law and order.Lieutenant-General Sir Mark Cubbon KCB (23 August – 23 April ) was a British army officer with the East India Company who became the British Commissioner of Mysore state in Government of India Acts, succession of measures passed by the British Parliament between and to regulate the government of India.

The first several acts—passed in,and —were generally known as East India Company Acts. Subsequent measures—chiefly in.

The Regulating Act, was the first attempted by British Parliament to regulate the affairs of the Company in India. this act also brought an end to Dual system of Government of India. This was the first attempt towards Centralised Administration.

Judiciary of India

the jury system was implemented inside a dual system of courts: • In Presidency Towns (Calcutta, Madras, Bombay), there were Crown Courts (with a first Supreme Court in Calcutta sincelater in the two other towns) and in criminal cases juries had to judge British and European people (as a privilege) and in some cases Indian people.

The Indian High Courts Act was passed by the British Parliament on the 6th August, and was titled as an act for establishing high courts of judicature in India. Its main function was to abolish the supreme courts and the Sadar Adalats in the three Presidencies and to establish the high courts in their place.

Judiciary of India; Law of India: Administration. Ministry of Law and Justice According to a report released by Centre for Public Policy Research and British Deputy High Commission "here are a total of 16, commercial disputes pending in High Courts with original jurisdiction. the jury system was implemented inside a dual system of.

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Dual system of courts in british india 1834 1861
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