Fourteen points and henry cabot lodge

He claimed that Fourteen points and henry cabot lodge to trade barriers, fair adjustment of colonies, and respect for national self-determination would reduce economic and nationalist sentiments that lead to war. Although there was no requirement compelling an American declaration of war, the United States might be bound to impose an economic embargo or to sever diplomatic relations.

The treatment accorded Russia by her sister nations in the months to come will be the acid test of their good will, of their comprehension of her needs as distinguished from their own interests, and of their intelligent and unselfish sympathy.

Let every man honor and love the land of his birth and the race from which he springs and keep their memory green. His first appointment was inas a Member of the House of Representatives, and he served until his election as a senator in George Frisbie Hoarthat guaranteed federal protection for African American voting rights.

German colonies were handed in trusteeship to the victorious Allies. His father was John Ellerton Lodge. Further, the president hoped that the promise of a just peace would be embraced by the populations in enemy nations and generate momentum for ending the war.

Dismayed by the overall results, but hopeful that a strong League could prevent future wars, he returned to present the Treaty of Versailles to the Senate.

The stubborness of President Wilson led him to ask his own party to scuttle the treaty.

Primary Documents in American History

The German military was reduced to a domestic police force and its territory was truncated to benefit the new nations of Eastern Europe. Defeating the League of Nations Unfortunately for Wilson, he was met with stiff opposition.

When Wilson brought the Treaty of Versailles home for ratification, Lodge, as Chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, insisted that specific and limiting changes be made to protect U. After two unsuccessful Congressional bids, Lodge won election to the U. In correspondence to Senator Lodge, Senator Knox and Senator Root sent one letter that explained the distinction between the League and an alliance.

Wilson received input from his closest advisor, Colonel Edward House, and a number of academics, who were known as "The Inquiry. As the shadow of fascism fell over more of Europe and a militant Japan rose in the east, a troubled America steadfastly refused involvement.

At the Paris Peace Conference inhe fought hard, but was not able to incorporate his Fourteen Points in the treaty. Article X of the League of Nations required the United States to respect the territorial integrity of member states. Lodge viewed the League as a supranational government that would limit the power of the American government from determining its own affairs.

Lodge stood silent when Roosevelt broke with the party and ran as a third-party candidate in A triumphant Wilson returned to the United States in February to submit the Treaty and Covenant to Congress for its consent and ratification. It is humiliating to be put in such an attitude and not the least of the mischief done by the League is that Article 10 will probably make it impossible to do anything for France as Root recommends and as many of our Senators desire.

With the outbreak of war, a hawkish Lodge wanted Germany crushed and saddled with a harsh settlement. But the Senate was full of cross currents of opinion and two-thirds of the body was needed for ratification.

It is a pious and honorable duty. When they met in Paris to hammer out the terms of the peace, the European leaders had other ideas. Lodge was born in May in Boston, although it was the seaside town of Nahant that he loved as a boy and came to represent in the House of Representatives. Image courtesy Library of Congress The president then turned his attention to gaining the necessary ratification of the treaty by the U.

Lodge believed that the League, under Article Ten, could require the United States to commit economic or military force to maintain the collective security of member nations.

Most of all he appealed to party loyalty. House of Representatives inthen made a successful run for the United States Senate in - occupying a post he would hold for 32 years. Lodge rejected an open-ended commitment regardless of relevance to the national security interests of the United States.

That same year, following the lynching of eleven Italian Americans in New Orleans, Lodge published an article blaming the victims and proposing new restrictions on Italian immigration. From the beginning, Lodge and Wilson were at odds over foreign policy.

An independent Polish state should be erected which should include the territories inhabited by indisputably Polish populations, which should be assured a free and secure access to the sea, and whose political and economic independence and territorial integrity should be guaranteed by international covenant.

45d. The Treaty of Versailles and the League of Nations

On the moral qualities of the English-speaking race, therefore, rest our history, our victories, and all our future.Henry Cabot Lodge (May 12, – November 9, ) was an American Republican Congressman and historian from Massachusetts.

Lodge continued to attack Wilson as hopelessly idealistic, assailing Wilson's Fourteen Points as unrealistic and weak. He contended that Germany needed to be militarily and economically crushed and saddled with. This snub did not pass unnoticed by Senator Henry Cabot Lodge (R-Mass.), who now chaired the Senate Foreign Relations Committee.

The proceedings were raucous and confusing. Wilson, who had rejected advice that he might better fulfill his Fourteen Points by remaining in Washington, immersed himself in the day-to-day negotiations. Senator Henry Cabot Lodge led the opposition. Lodge and Wilson were bitter political foes, but they also had legitimate differences of views on the League and on the covenant's Tenth Article.

Wilson and the War QUIZ: US History/Government 2. STUDY. How did Henry Cabot Lodge respond to the end of World War I? He opposed the Treaty of Versailles and the League of Nations. What did President Wilson's Fourteen Points propose about communication between nations?

After the war President Wilson hopes to bring lasting peace with his Fourteen Points while contending with Senate Majority Leader Henry Cabot Lodge. Skip to the main content of the page Skip to the search for the Oregon Secretary of State website.

Which leader pushed his idea of the Fourteen Points after World War I? A. Vladimir Lenin B. Winston Churchill C.

Woodrow Wilson D. Henry Cabot Lodge - /5(9).

Fourteen points and henry cabot lodge
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