Although it is pretty well known which factors are closely related to juvenile delinquency and adult criminal behavior, researchers are still unsure as to why they are related.
Poverty Poverty can be referred to as a living situation in which the basic requirements to live an average life in a specific geographic area are absent.
Police tend to target teens living in lower-class areas more so than people living in middle or upper class neighborhoods. They may also be exposed to various criminal activities, including violent crimes.
Early Warning Signs Childhood Risk Factors Antisocial behaviors in adults can be traced back to their origins in their childhood.
Poor self-regulating, interpersonal, and social skills are some psychological risk factors that often show beginning in early childhood.
Other familial risk factors include negative sibling influence, or poor parenting skills. In low income areas, slapping and hitting a child is a more common form of punishment; this is believed to be due to the fact that this form of punishment is easier to conduct and has immediate effects. Adults living in conditions such as these are more likely to be victims of crime.
Being sent to a juvenile facility at a young age is argued to actually promote adult criminal behavior, not prevent it. Looking back at the childhood years of criminals, and especially career criminals, for the most part there will be warning signs indicating they may be heading in the wrong direction.
A nurturing environment is thought to shield children from these risk factors, as well as lessen the effect of risk factors when they are eventually exposed to them. When arrested they are more likely to be referred to juvenile courts and become delinquents. In the United States, 1 in 5 children grow up in households with combined incomes below the federal poverty line.
Rates of domestic violence are higher in areas of poverty, and children often witness this occur. Children growing up in conditions of poverty are at higher risk of attending poorly funded schools or dropping out of school; teens also are more likely to be unemployed.Origins of Criminal Behavior: Developmental Risk Factors: Developmental perspective: changes and influences across person’s lifetime that may contribute to formation of antisocial and criminal behavior-Looks at risk factors o Life course of all humans follow a path – littered with risk factors o Examples include poor nutrition.
Examples of criminal behavior motivated by sociological factors would be an impoverish individual engaging in criminal behavior to "attain good or social prestige" (Schneider, Gruman, Coutts, p ).
The main focus in Applied Social Psychology is Social Psychological Theories for criminal behavior. _____ are individual attributes and developmental, social, and family experiences that are believed to DECREASE the probability that an individual will engage in criminal behavior.
Protective factors Risk/protective factors can exist in _____ such as poverty, antisocial peers, etc. versus affluent, peer acceptance, etc.
Criminal Behavior: A Psychological Approach, 11th Edition. By Curt R. Bartol, Anne M. Bartol Chapter 2 Origins of Criminal Behavior: Developmental Risk Factors Chapter Objectives Cumulative Risk Model Chapter 4 Origins of Criminal Behavior: Learning and Situational Factors Chapter Objectives The characteristics of which often can be identified at a early age.
The developmental perspective views the life course of all humans as following a pathway that may be littered with risk factors. These are the various tracks individuals follow that.
1 Michael Shader, Ph.D., is a Social Science Program Specialist in the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention’s (OJJDP’s) Research and Program Development Division. 1 Risk Factors for Delinquency: An Overview by Michael Shader1 The juvenile justice field has spent much time and.Download